Photographic Images Segregated for MMBW Laser Disk Project (1991)
||1991 - 1991
||Series in Custody
||1991 - 1991
||1935 - 1991
|Format of Records:
|Agency which created this SeriesAgency which created this Series|
|Agency currently responsible for this SeriesAgency currently responsible for this Series|
|Description of this SeriesDescription of this Series|
- How to use the Records
This series consists of photos selected from the historical collection (VPRS 8609) and the prints remaining in the city (VPRS 8662) and copied into a laser (optical) disk project in 1991. Most of the photo albums used in this project were returned to VPRS 8609; otherwise the images on the laser disk are now to be found in VPRS 8663. The public may consult the photographs on laser disk at the Melbourne Water facility at Werribee Farm.
The series has been accessioned in the following consignments:
P1 Positive Prints
P2 Negatives [Closed to public access]
P3 Glass Lantern Slides [Closed to public access]
P4 Slides [Closed to public access]
The photographic records of the Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works (M.M.B.W.) were largely compiled by the Photographic Section (formerly the Public Relations Section) of the M.M.B.W. and comprise material from the period c1925 to c1986. Photographers were employed by M.M.B.W. until c1986 when the Photographic Section was disbanded.
To use M.M.B.W. photographic records you will need to consult at least some of these series :
VPRS 8609 Historical Records Collection
VPRS 8660 Photographic Images (Positives - 35mm transparencies)
VPRS 8662 Photographic Images (Positives - prints)
VPRS 8663 Photographic Images Segregated for M.M.B.W. Laser Disk Project (1991)
VPRS 8675 Catalogue of Photographic Images Segregated for M.M.B.W. Laser Disk Project (1991)
History of the M.M.B.W.'s Photographic Records
Until 1985/86, when the Photographic Section was disbanded, photographs were assembled in sequences of negatives and positive prints of various kinds (see Technical Note below). An endeavour was made to organise the prints into broad categories relating to activities, subjects, and/or geographic areas. Most of the prints are still arranged and listed within these categories.
1985/86 to 1991
Some photographs were culled and transferred to the M.M.B.W.'s archives at Mill Park. Historic photographs include lantern slides, slides, albums as well as negatives, prints and transparencies. The remaining photographs (mostly negatives, prints and transparencies) were kept at M.M.B.W. headquarters in Spencer Street and were subsequently handed over to the records section.
1991 to date
In 1991, photos were selected from the historical collection (VPRS 8609) and the prints remaining in the city (VPRS 8662) and copied into a laser (optical) disk project (see VPRS 8663). Most of the photo albums used in this project were returned to VPRS 8609; otherwise the images on the laser disk are now to be found in VPRS 8663. The public may consult the photographs on laser disk at the Melbourne Water facility at Werribee Farm.
In 1992/93, M.M.B.W. transferred many of its photographic records to the PRO.
How to Use the M.M.B.W. Photographic Records: Laser Disk Photos
Method One :
Consult the laser disk produced by M.M.B.W. (now Melbourne Water) at Werribee Farm and order copies of photographs from Melbourne Water. A catalogue to these photographs (VPRS 8675) may be inspected at the PRO Laverton Search Room or Werribee Farm.
Method Two :
Consult the Catalogue (VPRS 8675) to identify likely subjects.
If the entry has a pencilled annotation go no further because the photograph is no longer part of VPRS 8663; it has been returned to VPRS 8609 (Historical Collection).
If the entry does not have a pencilled annotation, it can now be found in VPRS 8663.
Most images listed in the Catalogue (VPRS 8675) are positive prints in VPRS 8663/P1. Negatives and slides have been segregated into VPRS 8663/P2-4 and are closed to public inspection for preservation reasons. If an image listed in the Catalogue is not in the box of positives (VPRS 8663/P1)
first check the lists for VPRS 8663/P2-4 to ascertain whether the laser disk image was taken from a slide or negative,
if not, assume that the positive is missing or mis-filed in VPRS 8655/P1.
(1) The listing for VPRS 8663/P1 should be used only to correlate the headings in the Catalogue (VPRS 8675) with unit numbers. The range listings for photograph numbers within each box on the listing are not accurate.
(2) There are typographical errors in the Catalogue (VPRS 8675) - e.g. under 99Z, no.9326 appears for Edgar Sherwen Safety Award. There is no such photo for that number. No.9326 is a "modern" bathroom under 99C. The Safety Award photo appears under 99Z as no.9356.
(3) There are misfiles in VPRS 8663/P1 - e.g. no.9335 which should be in box 27 under 99D, is in box 28 under 99Z.
Positive prints located in VPRS 8663/P1 should have a negative reference number on the back.
The photographic processes used to create these records were in common use in commercial and domestic applications. They involve use of chemically impregnated film which is exposed to record an image. Three types of film were used:
Black and white film
Colour positive film
Colour negative film.
Black and white film : the film, when removed from the camera and processed (developed and `fixed') becomes a negative. This in itself has little use. It is only when light is projected through this negative onto chemically treated paper that a recognisable picture is produced. When this paper is in turn developed and fixed it becomes a photographic print also known as a black and white positive. A positive print cannot be produced without a negative. Black and white prints cannot be made into colour prints unless they are hand coloured (painted with colours) This is an outmoded technique not used in these records.
Colour positive film : produces transparencies also known as slides or lantern slides. The film itself becomes the medium for producing a recognisable image when the film is removed from the camera and processed. There is no intermediate stage such as a negative. Colour prints can be produced from transparencies but this process is rarely undertaken because it is complex and expensive. When this is done an 'interneg' is produced in a laboratory and from that negative either colour prints (positives) or black and white prints can be produced. Colour transparencies can be duplicated so that another transparency is produced. For these records it is believed that all of the transparencies are originals and that no duplicates, internegs or prints have been produced.
"Lantern slide" : is a term used to describe a transparency that has been mounted between two pieces of glass. They may be black and white or colour and may be of any size although frequently two and a quarter inches square (120mm). Early lantern slides also included hand drawn rather than photographic images. The term is generally used to describe glass mounted transparencies created some years previously. Most of the transparencies in this record series are 35mm not mounted in glass.
Colour negative film : is also known as print film because the final product is a positive print. When this film is removed from the camera and processed it becomes a colour negative. When light is projected through this negative onto photographic paper a positive print results, after processing. Depending upon the type of the paper and the process used, the final print (positive) can be either colour or black and white. A colour transparency or positive can also be produced from a colour negative but this process is rarely undertaken because of the complexity and resulting high cost. It is not known whether the positive colour prints in this record series were produced from negatives or transparencies although it is assumed that most if not all were derived from colour negative film.
Other photographic processes such as Polaroid, ultra-violet, infra-red, x-ray, optical disc have not been used to create these records.
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- Recordkeeping System
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