Agency VA 2552
Sheriff's Office, Supreme Court
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Date Range: 1852 - 1994
 
Description of this AgencyDescription of this Agency
The Victorian Sheriff's Office was created in 1852 following separation from the Port Phillip District. James Simpson was appointed Acting Sheriff until Claud Farie was appointed in 1852, serving as sheriff until 1870.

Kevin Morgan's 'History of the Sheriff's Office of Victoria', due to be published in early 2005 reports that, by the end of June 1854, Claud Farie had appointed 13 Deputy Sheriffs to oversee seven 'stations': Geelong, Sandhurst (Bendigo), Castlemaine, Beechworth, Heathcote, Bunninyong and Kyneton. Deputy Sheriff salaries were based on the size of their jurisdiction.

According to Kevin Morgan's research, the Administration of Justice Act 1856 allowed for the title of "Deputy Sheriff' to be replaced by that of 'Sheriff'. However it was not until the 1860s that the title of 'Sheriff' finally superceded that of 'Deputy Sheriff' in the jurisdiction of regional bailiwicks. Morgan also states that the Sheriff of Victoria continued to give the title 'Deputy Sheriff' to his most senior assistant in the Melbourne office and the title has continued to the present day.

The Sheriff of the Supreme Court is responsible for the enforcement and execution of Supreme Court Writs and Orders and the control and direction of civil warrants.

Due to an increasing number of criminal warrants managed by the Sheriff's Office from 1989 to 1994 the Enforcement Management Unit was created in 1994 to manage administrative and operational arrangements of the Sheriff's Office. By the time Victoria's seventeenth sheriff, Peter Duncan retired in 1995 reports Morgan, 'the Victorian Sheriff's Office had acquired responsibility for all court orders, fines, enforcement warrants and civil warrants in Victoria. It had become the first Sheriff's Office in Australia to be developed in this way and its management approach represented a significant innovation in modern law under the Westminister System.'

From 1993 the administration of juries, previously the Sheriff's responsibiity, became a separate branch of operations managed by the Deputy Sheriff Juries.
 
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Record series created by this AgencyRecord series created by this Agency
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Date Range Series Title Series Number Series Location Public Access
- Unidentified Complete Index, Sheriff's Office VPRS 14567 North Melbourne Open
- Unidentified Part Index A - J VPRS 14568 North Melbourne Open
? 1852 - cont Writ Books VPRS 281 North Melbourne Open
? 1959 - ? 1968 Draft Jury Roll VPRS 17078 North Melbourne Open
1852 - cont Bailiff's Warrant Book (Country) VPRS 14523 North Melbourne Open
1862 - 1884 Queen's Writ Book VPRS 14530 North Melbourne Open
1866 - 1895 Writ Books Sale Circuit District and Eastern Bailiwick VPRS 14529 North Melbourne Open
1867 - 1931 Writ Books Central Bailiwick (Melbourne) VPRS 14531 North Melbourne Open
1870 - 1885 Writ Books Midland VPRS 14536 North Melbourne Open
1881 - 1931 Bailiff's Warrant Book Northern Bailiwick (Echuca) VPRS 14525 North Melbourne Open
1884 - 1888 Minute Book VPRS 14532 North Melbourne Open
1886 - 1966 Bailiff's Warrant Books VPRS 14524 North Melbourne Open
1894 - 1967 Particulars of Executions Book VPRS 14526 North Melbourne Open
1900 - 2003 Newspaper Cuttings Books VPRS 14535 North Melbourne Open
1911 - 1944 Inward Letter Books VPRS 14527 North Melbourne Open
1912 - 1936 Outward Letter Books VPRS 14528 North Melbourne Open
1929 - 1958 Corporal Punishment Record Book VPRS 15501 North Melbourne Closed
1933 - 1974 His Majesty's Gaol Coburg Death Sentence Correspondence VPRS 14534 North Melbourne Closed
Circa 1922 - Circa 1980 Notebooks VPRS 14533 North Melbourne Open
Functions for which this Agency has or has had primary responsibilityFunctions for which this Agency has or has had primary responsibility
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Date of Responsibility Function Title Function Number
1852 - 1994 Courts VF 381
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Superior AgenciesSuperior Agencies
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Date of Relationship Agency Title Agency Number
1852 - cont Supreme Court of Victoria VA 2549
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1852 - 1994 Courts VRG 4